Background information about the Lao education and vocational training system, facts about the country, publications on the Lao language and the country’s history.

On partnership

Boase, Bob (ed) (1997): Working with your Lao partner. (Canadian International Development Agency) (accessed May 1, 2017)

On the Lao education system  

Bäcktorp, Ann-Louise (2007): When the First-World-North Goes Local: Education and gender in post-revolution Laos. Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Social Sciences: Umeå University. In:  (accessed June 13, 2016)

Benvenista, Luis & Marshall, Jeffrey & Santibanez, Lucrecia (2007): Teaching in Lao PDR. Vientiane: Human Development Sector, East Asia and the Pacific Region, the World Bank and Ministry of Education, Lao People’s Democratic Republic. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Chomsky, Noam (2005): At War With Asia. Oakland: AK Press.

Dorner, Daniel G./Gorman, G.E. (2011): “Contextual factors affecting learning in Laos and the implications for information literacy reduction”. Information Research, 15 (1) paper 479. In: (accessed June 13, 2016)

Faming, Manynooch (2007): Schooling in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. P. 170-206. In: Postiglione, Gerard A. & Tan, Jason (2007): Going to School in East Asia. Londong: Greenwood Press.

Faming, Manynooch (2008): National integration: education for ethnic minorities of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. PH. D Thesis. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Halpern, Joel & Tinsman, Marilyn C. (1966): “Education and Nation Building in Laos”. Comparative Education Review.  10 (3): 499-507. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Hays, Jeffrey (2008): “Education in Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Hirosata, Yasushi & Kitamura, Yuto (2009): The Political Economy of Educational Reforms and Capacity Development in Southeast Asia – Cases of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Political and Educational Reforms – google books (accessed June 13, 2016)

International Bureau of Education (2011): “World Data on Education. Lao People’s Democratic Republic”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

McDaniel, Justin Thomas (2008): Gathering Leaves and Lifting Words: Histories of Buddhist Monastic Education in Laos and Thailand. Washington: University of Washington Press.

Noonan, Richard (2011): Education in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic: confluence of history and vision. In: Brock, Colin/Pe Symaco, Lorraine (ed.). Education in South-East Asia, 69-94. Oxford: Symposium Books.

Noonan, Richard (2014): US Aid to Education in Laos, 1955-1975: A Contribution To Historical Comparative Education, Embedded In Time And Space. In: Journal of International and Comparative Education. Vol. 3 Issue 1. P. 153-169                      (accessed June 13, 2016)

Save the Children (2015): “Education”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Souriyavingsa, Thongma & Rany, Sam & Lai Mei, Leong (2013): Factors Causes Students Low English Language Learning: A Case Study in the National University of Laos. International Journal of English Language Education  1 (1): 179-192. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization SEAMEO (2015): “Lao PDR – National Education System”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Unicef (2013): “At a glance: Lao People’s Democratic Republic”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Walthouse, Emily (2014): “Evolution of Education in Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Weinberg, Meyer (2009): Asian-American Education. Historical Background and Current Realities. Oxon: Routledge.

Xayapheth, Chaphichith (2015): Changes in institutional governance and management of higher education in Laos: National University of Laos. PH. D Thesis. Minho: Biblioteca da Universidade do Minho.

On vocational training

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GiZ) GmbH (2015): „Vocational education in Laos (VELA)”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Khammounty, Bounseng (2011): Standards für die beruflichen Lehrkräfte in Laos P.D.R. Gestaltungsansätze für die Anpassung der beruflichen Lehreraus- und Weiterbildung. Dissertation. (accessed June 13, 2016)
Only available in German

Ministry of Education and Sports (2007): “Strategic Plan for the development of technical and vocational education and training from 2006 to 2020”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Offene Entwicklungshilfe (2015): „Projekte im Schwerpunkt Sekundärbildung“. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Times Reporters (2015): “Germany supports vocational education in Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

English language education in Asia

ASEAN (2012): ASEAN 5-Year Work Plan on Education (2011-2015). Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat.

Benson, Carol & Kosonen, Kimmo (2011): A Critical Comparision of Language-In-Education Policy and Practice in four Southeast Asian Countries and Ethiopia. In: Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove & Heugh Kathleen (ed.). Multilingual Education and Sustainable Diversity Work: From Periphery to Center. 111-  New York: Routledge.

Bigalke, Terance W. & Sharbawi Salbrina (ed.) (2015): English for ASEAN Integration: Policies and Practices in the Region. Brunei Darussalam: Universiti Brunei Darussalam.

Chang, Bok-Myung (2011): The roles of English language education in Asian context. Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, 15 (1): 191-206.

Chea, Kagnarith & Klein, Alan & Middlecamp, John (2012): Adapting Textbooks to Reflect Student Needs in Cambodia and the ASEAN Region. Language Education in Asia, 3 (2): 218-229.

Choi, Yeon Hee & Lee, Hyo Woong (2008): Current Trends and Issues in English Language Education in Asia. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 5 (2): 1-34.

Dorner, Daniel G. & Gorman, G.E. (2006): Information Literacy Education in Asian Developing Countries: cultural factors affecting curriculum development and programme delivery. Official Journal of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. 32 (4): 281-293. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Kirkpatrick, Andy (2012): English in ASEAN: Implications for Regional Multilingualism. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 33 (4): 331-344.

Kirkpatrick, Andy (2012): English as an Asian Lingua Franca: the ‘Lingua Franca Approach’ and implications for language education policy. Journal of English as a Lingua Franca, 1 (1): 121-139.

Stroupe, Richmond & Kimura, Kelly (ed.) (2015): ASEAN Integration and the Role of English Language Teaching. Phnom Penh: IELTS.

General information on Lao politics, trade and other issues:

CIA World Factbook (2015): “East & Southeast Asia: Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Fund for Peace (2015): “Country Data & Trends. Laos in 2015”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Vientiane Times (2015): “Lao Constitution”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

World Bank (2015): “Lao PDR”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Foreign institutions and organizations involved in education in Laos:

Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (2015): “Basic Education Quality and Access in Laos PDR program”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Embassy of the United States Vientiane, Laos (2015): “English Language Programs”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Publications on the Lao language:

Center for Lao Studies (2016): “Sabaydii and Welcome!”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Enfield, N J (2006): Laos – language situation. In: Brown, Keith (ed.). Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 698-700. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Lonely planet phrasebooks & Cummings, Joe (2008): Lao with comprehensive dictionary. Victoria: Lonely Planet Publications PTY Ltd.

Werner, Klaus (1998): Learning Lao for everybody. Bielefeld: Reise Know-How Rump GmbH.

History of Laos: 

Lambert, Tim (2015): “A short history of Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Legacies of War (2015): “Secret War in Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Scholl-Latour, Peter (2013): Der Tod im Reisfeld. Dreißig Jahre Krieg in Indochina (Neuauflage). Berlin: Ullstein Verlag.  Only available in German.

Stuart-Fox, Martin (2008³): Historical Dictionary of Laos (3rd edition). Lanham: Scarecrow Press Inc.
Also available on Google books: Historical Dictionary of Laos – google books. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Ethnic diversity:

IFAD (2012): “Country Technical Note on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues. Lao Peoples’ Democratic Republic”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

King, Elizabeth M. & Walle, Dominique van de (2007): Ethno-linguistic Diversity and Disadvantage. In: (accessed June 13, 2016


As of May 2017

J.Zeck, I. Martin